Snow White Film Was Memorable First
The first full-length feature animated film created by the Walt Disney Studios was Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, released in December of 1937, Pinocchio appeared in 1940, as did Fantasia. In 1941, Dumbo was released; Bambi followed in 1942.
The Jungle Book of 1965 was the last of 19 animated features to receive the personal touch of Disney, who died the following year, in 1966.
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First Synthetic Resin Had Thousand Uses
Bakelite was the first truly inexpensive material that could be used in an astonishing number of ways. It is a synthetic resin, or plastic, made from two very common ingredients, the phenol in coal tar and formaldehyde. Its properties were discovered by an American research chemist in 1909.
Bakelite was first developed for use in the ignition systems of airplane engines and as an electrical insulator. However, it was quickly adapted by manufacturers to make jewelry, radio cases, dollhouse furniture, airplane propellers, telephones, the “glue” in plywood and thousands of additional items. It was dubbed “the material of a thousand uses.”
Most bakelite pieces were molded, although some were also cast. It is a very hard substance, but can be carved with files or grinding tools. The material was naturally amber colored. However, most commercial-use pieces came to be made in either black or cream color. Bakelite can be easily dyed or colored, and most decorative items, from kitchenware to jewelry, were made in a rainbow of colors.
The chief drawback of bakelite was that it cracked easily and when other plastics became available, its use was more or less suspended. It may still be used today in situations where the non-conductivity of heat and electricity is critical.
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