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Educational Toys Created by Another Rockwell

One of the active toy-making companies that began in the 1930s was Holgate. Its founder, Cornelius Holgate, started out making such non-toy products as brush and broom handles. However, when the daughter of the company’s treasurer married a child psychologist in 19309, the new influence turned their attention toward producing educational wooden toys.

The company hired Jerry Rockwell, brother to the famous artist, Norman Rockwell, as its designer. Jerry was as successful in his field as his brother was in the field of art. He invented a steady stream of imaginative, simple and practical toys, including wooden pounding benches, nesting blocks, kindergarten blocks, lacing shoes, colored beads and ring stacks.

Holgate merged with Playskool in 1958, with Jerry Rockwell staying on as a designer for the new combine.

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Foods Cooked In Silver

Chafing dishes were first used in England during the time of Elisabeth I. Apothecaries recommended to their wealthy patients that they drink only from silver cups and have their cooking done in silver skillets and saucepans. Food poisoning could occur from improperly used brass or copper utensils and these metals also created a bad taste in food, if something with an acid was prepared or served in them.

The cooked food, still in its silver skillet, was carried into the dining room on a burning charcoal brazier. The skillet was also called a chafer, and the charcoal brazier on which it rested, also made of silver, was known as the chafing dish. Later, a spirit lamp was used in place of the brazier.

The silver skillets and saucepans were quite small, usually less than four inches in diameter, and even less than that in height. The chafing dishes which held them were decorated by piercing, which also allowed a draft to the heat source.

These chafing dishes were very popular in colonial America, where they were made by early silversmiths, as well as in England.

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Tribes Vied For Creation Of Indian Jewelry

When one thinks of turquoise jewelry, the Navajo usually come to mind first. However, it was actually members of the Zuni tribe who were the outstanding craftsmen, developing their stone-setting techniques to become the master jewelers among the Southwest Indian tribes.

On the other hand, the Navajo were the skilled craftsmen with silver. Beginning in about the 1870s, they used melted American silver coins to fashion into jewelry. Later, they switched to pesos and about 1900, used silver slugs manufactured for jewelry making purposes. It was also not uncommon to melt older pieces of silver down and combine them with slugs. By the mid-20th century, sheet silver had become available.

By the 1920s, the Zuni were sharing their stone-cutting knowledge with the Navajo, while at the same time learning silversmithing techniques from the Navajo. The jewelry of the two tribes, although both were using stones such as turquoise and moonstone, took different directions, however.

The Navajo favored large stones, with the working and the tooling of the silver the more important aspect of their pieces. Their pieces tended to be bold and strong. The Zuni, on the other hand, used more delicate designs, concentrating on techniques such as inlay and channel work to enhance the stones. The use of the silver is secondary, as a way to hold the stones in their design.

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