Clocks Were Two-Faced
One of the favorite clocks for domestic use in the later 19th century had two dials. The first told time, in the usual way. The second dial, which was below the first, was the same size or even bigger, than the clock dial. It had a hand that told the date and sometimes also the week and the month. Some even showed the phases of the moon and high and low tides.
Several patents were granted in the 1850s and 1860s. One invention by the Mix brothers in 1863 was sold to the Seth Thomas Clock Company, which used it for a number of years. The Ithaca Clock Company, using a patent granted in 1865, produced calendar clocks until it went bankrupt in 1917.
Clocks of Welch, Spring and Company of Bristol, England, came in several models. They had a lot of complicated dials and gadgetry, and are popular with collectors for this reason.
Other well-known manufacturers were the Southern Clock company of St. Louis, Missouri, and the Prentiss Improvement Clock Company of New York.
Calendar clocks came in both shelf and wall models. Their popularity continued until the first part of the 20th century.
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