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Oreo Cookies 100 Years Old!

by Debbie & Randy Coe

Did you know that America’s favorite chocolate cookie, Oreo, celebrates its 100th anniversary this year? It has become the the country’s best-selling cookie by selling over 260 billion since its introduction.

The Oreo cookie was introduced in 1912 by the National Biscuit Company, today known as Nabisco. The original design was very similar to the version we know except that the pattern on the wafer was different.

The cookie remained unchanged until 1975, when different versions began to be made: Double Stuf in 1975, Fudge Oreo in 1987, Halloween Oreo in 1991, and Christmas Oreo in 1995.

Where did the name come from? One version says it came from a hill-shaped test version that was named for the Greek word oreo, which means mountain. Another version says two letters were taken from the word cream, RE, and two from chocolate, OO, and put together to form Oreo.

It doesn’t need tellling that Oreos are good to eat plain. But here’s a recipe that is simple to make, especially for kids.

You’ll need:
2 small pkg. of instant chocolate pudding
1 small pkg. of instant vanilla pudding
4 cups of whipped cream or whip topping
1 pkg. of Oreo cookies

Make each pudding as directed on the package. Add 2 cups of cream to each pudding mixture. Crush the package of cookies. Keep out about 1/2 cup. Put equal amuonts of the crushed cookies into the pudding mixtures. In parfait tumblers or a large clear bowl, alternately layer chocolate and vanilla puddings and then add some crushed cookies on the top. Refrigerate this until you are ready to serve it.

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Chinese 500 Years Ahead Of Europe In Use
Of Hard-Paste Porcelain

Hard-paste porcelain, called “true” porcelain, is made of feldspar (a mineral containing silicates) and the white clay called kaolin. It has a high firing temperature that gives it translucency and causes it to vitrify giving it much the consistency of glass.

Soft-paste porcelain, called “imitation” porcelain, is made from various fine clays and ground glass, which provides the silicates. It is fired at a lower temperature. Although there are several varieties, they all have the glaze on the surface and are less “glittery” than the hard-paste form.

Bone china falls somewhere in between, although it is closer to hard-paste porcelain.

Hard-paste porcelain first appeared in Europe in the 1200s, when the silk road brought the lovely white Chinese ceramic to Europe. It was called porcelain by the French; the English simply called it “china.”

It took 500 years for the Europeans to discover how to make it. Their attempts led to the development first of the soft-paste ceramic. This was made for about 200 years, and there were some beautiful pieces made, especially by the Sevres factory in France. The problem with soft-paste porcelain was that it easily collapsed in the kiln, and many pieces were lost in every firing.

Credit is given to a man named Boettger, of Saxony, who finally discovered the proper mix for hard-paste porcelain in the 1700s.

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Gems Wired Together To Look Bigger

Serti invisible was a jewelry making technique that originated in 1936. Small precious stones were cut with grooves on the side and set in these grooves with platinum wire. From the top, the wire did not show and the faint lines between the stones were almost invisible. The finished piece looked like one large stone.

This enabled many small stones of diamonds, rubies or sapphires to be used to create a ring. The piece would be more affordable than a single diamond or ruby weighing many carats.

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